The Great Pyramid of Giza, Khufu's Pyramid or the Pyramid of Khufu, and Pyramid of Cheops, are the different names to refer to the largest and oldest of the three pyramids in the Giza Necropolis that borders Cairo, Egypt (Africa). This structure is the only enduring part of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It is supposed that the pyramid was constructed as a tomb for Fourth dynasty Egyptian pharaoh Khufu. It was constructed over a span of 20 year period concluding around 2560 BC.
It is the tallest man-made construction in the world for more than 3,800 years. Numerous of the casing stones that at one time were a part of the structure can still be located at the pedestal of the Great Pyramid. Varying scientific as well as unconventional theories pertaining to the Great Pyramid's construction techniques that been recorded. Majority of the acknowledged construction theories are founded on the plan that it was erected by huge moving stones from quarry and dragged and lifting them into place.
This structure comprises of 3 known chambers. Amongst them, the unfinished lowest chamber upon which the structure was constructed is cut into the bedrock. The King's Chamber as well as the Queen's Chamber comprises of small shafts that soar out of the pyramid. As per the conclusions made by Egyptologists, these shafts were for ceremonial purposes.
Great Pyramid of Giza is the main portion of a compound setting of buildings that is inclusive of 2 mortuary temples dedicated to Khufu, 3 smaller pyramids for the wives of Khufu, a smaller satellite pyramid, an elevated walkway between the 2 temples, as well as small mastaba tombs intended for nobles that surround the pyramid.