Deep-Sea Vents

Deep sea vents are hydrothermal fissures which are present under the sea waters on ocean beds. These vents openings on the ocean beds formed due to the activity that is continuously happening inside the earth. These are locally very common at volcanically active places where tectonic plates are moving apart, ocean basins and hotspots.

The most famous deep sea vents are probably the ones which are present in the Yellowstone National Park. These vents throw out superheated saline water which is not even suitable for any life forms. Also, these vents are located at depths where sunlight does not reach so the ecosystem that exists here is surviving completely without any sunlight. Bacteria are formed here which form the food of the slightly bigger organisms. Blind crabs and shrimps also exist at such levels.

With the superheated water that is thrown out of the vents, also minerals are thrown out which give the water a black colour. This makes the emission look like a smoke arising from the vent. The water is at a temperature of around   400 degrees and when it comes in contact with sea water at 2 degrees, the minerals solidify and settle down thereby increasing the height of the sediments around the vent. These vents form a chimney like structure with these sediments up to a height of 60 metres or even more in some cases.

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Other Wonders of Underwater World


Palau is an archipelago which is located in the Pacific Ocean around 500 miles east of Philippines. Palau has been rated as the Number 1 Underwater wonder of the World. Also, Palau is one of the world’s youngest and smallest nations. read more...

Belize Barrier Reef

The series of coral reefs that straddles the coast of Belize is called as the Belize Barrier Reef. It is a section of the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System which is the second largest reef system after the Great Barrier Reef of Australia. read more...

Great Barrier Reef

One of the most important Underwater Wonders of the World, the Great Barrier Reef is a 2000 km long coral reef system which is the largest in the world. It can even be seen from outer space.

Galapagos Islands

The Galapagos archipelago is a distinct world heritage, located on the equator, 600 miles off the coast of South America. It is one of the relatively untouched places on earth. This volcanic archipelago is quite a lot like it was million years ago. read more...

Lake Baikal

One of the seven Underwater Wonders of the World, Lake Baikal is located in Southern Siberia in Russia. It is often called as the Blue Eye of Siberia and also the “Sacred Lake”. This lake is considered to be the oldest lake on earth. read more...

Northern Red Sea

The Northern Red Sea is surrounded by the largest expanses of sand. It lies at the shores of an ecology, which is devoid of life. Some of the richest coral reefs of the earth come from its floor. read more...


Wonders of The Other Worlds

Great Pyramid of Giza

The Great Pyramid of Giza, Khufu's Pyramid or the Pyramid of Khufu, and Pyramid of Cheops, are the different names to refer to the largest and oldest of the three pyramids in the Giza Necropolis that borders Cairo, Egypt (Africa).

Konark - Sun Temple

Konark also known as Konaditya is one of the most popular tourist destinations of Konark and Orissa. This magnificent temple exhibits the marvel of the architects, who envisioned and constructed it. . The name of this famous temple is derived from the term Kona, which means corner and ark means Sun. read more...

Shanghai World Financial Center

Shanghai World Financial Center is the third- tallest building of the world. It is 492 m high and 101 storey building and cost a total of 125 billion yen, as per president of Mori Building Co. Ltd, who was one of the major investor in the project. read more...

One Hundred Trees Oasis

The place where the Gobi Desert begins is an area where at an oasis, the herders and travellers can get some food and water and a place to stay. This place or area is called One Hundred Trees Oasis. read more...

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