Angkor Wat

Angkor Wat or Angkor Vat refers to a temple at Angkor in Cambodia. This structure constructed as the state temple and capital city under the King Suryavarman II in the early 12th century. It stands out as one of the well-kept temple at the site, which bears a great religious significance ever since its foundation. It reflects a blend of Hindu as well as Buddhist elements of as it was initially dedicated to Vishnu and later on converted to Buddhist. Angkor Wat temple is a specimen of the essence of the high classical Khmer architectural style. Its significance can be deciphered from the fact that it is a pictogram of Cambodia, which even appears on its national flag. In fact, this site is the prime tourist attraction in Cambodia.

Angkor Wat merges the two fundamental Khmer temple architectural plans:

  • Temple Mountain
  • Galleried Temple

It is intended to be a symbol of Mount Meru that is abode of the Gods in Hindu mythology.  The structure comprises of 3 rectangular galleries that raised one above the other within a moat and an outer wall that stretches up to 3.6 km or 2.2 miles. A quincunx of towers is situated at the centre of the temple. Contrary to most Angkorian temples, the orientation of the Angkor Wat is towards the west, which is why the opinions of the scholars are divided on the significance of this structure. The temple structure is well-liked for the splendor and union of the architecture, as well its all-embracing bas-reliefs and the copious guardian spirits (devatas) that embellish its walls.

 
     
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